EN
Archive
- 2011
      No. 12 (2011)
      No. 11 (2011)
- 2010
      No. 10 (2010)
      No. 9 (2010)
- 2009
      No. 8 (2009)
      No. 7 (2009)
- 2008
      No. 6 (2008)
      No. 5 (2008)
- 2007
      No. 4 (2007)
      No. 3 (2007)
- 2006
      No. 2 (2006)
- 2005
      No. 1 (2005)

Searching

Web MegaByte

 Our website can be seen in Firefox.

 To read the articles you need Adobe Reader.



      MegaByte is an online magasine (journal) for promotion of research results from IT&C and economicy field of Titu Maiorescu University from Computer Science and Economical Sciences Faculty.

2011 - 12th Volume

Computer Science
No.
Article Title
1
 
FRANCHISISING AS MODERN BUSINESS IN ROMANIA
Authors: Klara HORZINKOVA

Abstract: Although franchising is mistakenly thought to be a twentieth century innovation, the concept has its first beginnings in the European feudal systems of the middle ages. When landowners began granting rights to peasants to use land in exchange for a fee and part of the profits, they were actually practicing a system that would evolve into franchising. The franchise concept was further refined in the nineteenth century when German brewers allowed pubs to use the brewer's name to sell beer. The word "franchise" is of French origin, and basically means "a right or privilege." A franchisee is granted the right or privilege to use the franchisor's system, products and trademark.

Tags: franchising, romania, KFC, McDonalds

Article code: MGBT-2011-2-CS-KH-346
 
2
 
BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES OF TRANSNATIONAL PARTENERSHIPS IN THE KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY
Authors: Jonathan Loeffler, Daniela Chiran, Iosif Urs, Ioana Panc, Iustin Priescu

Abstract: The present paper focuses on the challenges and benefits of transnational partenerships and their key role in sustaining European Union"s mission of becoming a knowledge based society and who therefore rely on the knowledge of their citizens to drive the innovation, entrepreneurship and dynamism of that society's economy. The paper identifies key succes factors and golden rules in the creation and implementation of transnational partenerships and elaborates on some of the lessons learned from the experience gained in the field. The paper presents some of the results of a SOP HRD project-based transnational partenership that has as an objective the development of entrepreneurial awareness and european collaboration for SMEs.

Tags: transnational partnership, intercultural, cooperation, collaborative

Article code: MGBT-2011-2-PV-JL-369
 

3
 
Processing An Opinion Poll Using Fuzzy Techniques by Dan
Authors: PEtru VASILIU

Abstract:In this paper we deal with a multi criteria ranking problem, based on fuzzy input data : the purpose is to compare the effect of different metrics defined on the space of fuzzy numbers on the dynamics of the unique ranking. As the main instrument, we use fuzzy synthesis to mediate different rankings ; in this respect, the convolution product of fuzzy numbers occurs .A system of fuzzy weights is used, to enable the ordering criteria.

Tags: triangular fuzzy number ; similarity coefficient ; fuzzy multi-criteria decision making ; discrete normed fuzzy set

Article code: MGBT-2011-2-CS-PV-366
 
4
 
CONSIDERATIONS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF BIOMETRICS TECHNOLOGIES IN MILITARY SURVEILANCE SYSTEMS
Authors: Marian Dorin PIRLOAGA

Abstract:The paper presents the detection of multiple faces in real time using neural networks. The detection methods in real time using a set of small neural networks and genetic algorithms in adaptive control and surveillance zones. Neural networks and genetic algorithms are not suitable for military applications as real-time monitoring or identification of large time-due process.This paper presents how to speed up data acquisition and processing, neural networks using genetic algorithm and a small individual connected to a network sharing neurala. The method chosen is the division of human face in a lot of regions, each of which can be connected to an individual neural networks. This involves using small parts of the network and allows storing different regions using different methods of code.Genetic algorithms is used in real time search and mining of various possible targets girls are quickly analyzed using neural networks.

Tags: neural networks, real-time processing, genetic algorithms, signal acquisition

Article code: MGBT-2011-2-CS-MDP-350
 
5
 
THE PARADIGM SHIFT OF EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION UNDER THE BOLOGNA PROCESS. MASSIFICATION OF ACADEMIC EDUCATION - A SOLUTION FOR THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY?
Authors: Iosif Urs, Sorin Ivan

Abstract:The Bologna reform causes a paradigm shift of European higher education by the changes in the philosophy, structure and purpose of the educational process. The mission of higher education is the training of qualified and competitive human resources for the labour market. This mission must be integrated in the Lisbon Agenda framework which aims to make the EU the most powerful and competitive economy in the world. A way to achieve this goal is the creation of the Knowledge based Society and Economy. Academic education and scientific research, the advanced knowledge are the ways to achieve these objectives. Higher education expands its addressability to a diversified public, to non-traditional groups of students. The third millennium university is the inclusive and responsive university, directly related to the social realities and developments, the needs and aspirations of society, an extremely diverse and dynamic environment. In this context, the Bologna reform generates the higher education massification process. From an elite institution, as consecrated by the European academic tradition, the university becomes an inclusive and responsive institution, with large social addressability, an instrument of massification and globalization. Thus a paradigm shift of higher education takes place, from the model of elite to the model of massification. Such a metamorphosis is a challenge for the university as a space of higher education, quality, excellence and performance in education and scientific research. There could appear the risk that the new paradigm generate the massification-mediocrization association in higher education. Inside this metamorphosis, the University must maintain its status of an institution of quality academic education, advanced scientific research, creativity and innovation, excellence, performance and competitiveness. The viable solution concerning higher education can only be the social massification of the higher education public, i.e. the extension of its addressability, and not the massification of quality. The key institution of the third millennium higher education is the elite university, with a crucial role in building the Knowledge Society in the world of globalization.

Tags: paradigm shift, elite, massification, extension of addressability, quality, excellence, academic education, scientific research, creativity, innovation, elite university, knowledge society, globalization

Article code: MGBT-2011-2-CS-IUSI-347
 

6
 
AVOIDING SECURITY AND PRIVACY ISSUES BY USING SPECIFIC PATTERNS IN BIOMETRIC AND RFID SYSTEMS
Authors: Valentin Corneliu PAU, Marius Iulian MIHAILESCU, Octavian STANESCU

Abstract:In this paper we will cover the most important aspects of design patterns and their major role in developing biometric and RFID applications. RFID is one of the most important technologies for the future of applications. Another important aspect is providing solutions for different types of threats and attacks which take place in a biometric or RFID system.

Tags: RFID, biometric, ATHOS, holographic signature, pixel

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-CS-VCPMIMOS-348
 
7
 
ACADEMIC LEARNING BETWEEN TRADITION AND REFORM
Authors: Adrian Mihalache, Viorel Ionescu

Abstract:Almost everybody is uncomfortable about academic training. It is expensive, it fails to meet the requirements of the present-day economy, and it does not provide the graduates the assets for a successful career. Our analysis point out to some misunderstandings that lie behind such views. Universities are wrongly considered as service-providers, since there is no way to guarantee the efficiency of their output. Moreover, a discrepancy between the social requirements and the knowledge content provided by academic training is benefic to some extent, as it stimulates technological and organizational change. The methods of teaching should be adapted to the possibilities of the information and communication technology, but one could not rely on the latter, in the absence of a coherent system of representations based on traditional approaches. We also show that the promotion of trans disciplinary fields amounts to the revival of the basic curricula structured in trivium and quadrivium.

Tags: education, communication technology, service-providers

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-CS-AMVI-364
 
8
 
ON THE CONVERGENCE OF A CLASS OF ITERATIVE PROCESSES EMPLOYED IN THE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS
Authors: Valentin GARBAN

Abstract:The analisys and design of dynamic systems suposses to solve the linear algebraic system Ax = b , where ( ) n A?M R is inversable and n b?R . The iterative methods are preferred for big values of n and particular forms of the matrix A (tridiagonal, pentadiagonal, blocks modular) to solve the equivalent system X = BX + b , where n B = I ? A . The central topic of this paper is to proof the necessary and enough conditions of convergence of the iterative, arbitrary process m 1 m 1 X + BX b = + , cu 0 n x ?R , associated to the equation X = BX + b , but in terms of A matrix (Theorem 1).

Tags: The convergence of iterative methods, The vectorial norm, The lipschitzian application, The acretive operators.

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-CS-VG-348
 

Economical Sciences
No.
Article Title
1
 
ETHICAL CHALLENGES IN STATISTICAL RESEARCH
Authors: Anca Stefanescu, Mariana Florentina Stefanescu, Paraschiva Grigorie

Abstract: This paper discusses some of the most common ethical challenges that arise in the course of statistical research, from the initial stages of research design and data collection, and into the final stages of data presentation and statistical inference. For each of the stages involved in conducting statistical research, the present paper offers relevant, real-life examples of unethical practices and misleading statistical studies encountered in scientific publications as well as in the media. The goal of this paper is two fold: first, it is an attempt to familiarize the readers with ways in which unethical practices in statistical research lead to misleading results and the potential effects of such practices; and secondly, the paper aims to encourage the scientific community to engage in similar discussions regarding the role of ethics in their respective disciplines

Tags: statistics. omference

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-AS-542
 

2
 
RANDOM CASH-FLOWS AND RANDOM WALKS ON NETWORKS
Authors: Marin Danciu, Dan Petru Vasiliu

Abstract: This paper summarizes some of the author's works concerning the sewerage and water network analysis . Mathematical concepts were developed in collaboration with Professor D.P.Vasiliu . Random walks occurs in most problems in mathematical economics , providing basic models in forecasting problems.

Tags: random cash flows, random walks

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 

3
 
ENGLISH - THE LANGUAGE OF IT COMMUNICATION, IN-FORMATION, EDUCATION AND KNOWLEDGE THE E-PARADIGM AND ITS DOUBLE MEANING
Authors: Sorin Ivan

Abstract: The development of information and communication technology has led to a revolution in fundamental areas such as communication, information, education, research and knowledge. In the ICT expansion context, humanity knows a process of informatization of human existence. By the benefits it brings in communication, information and knowledge, IT has become an individual and collective necessity, without which the existence of people and society as a whole can not be conceived in the third millennium. English is the language of the information technology and the Internet, in the context of its global expansion and the origin of IT, whose genesis is located, prevalently, in the U.S. Information and communications technology, with the support of the English language, today provides an efficient and pragmatic means, with universal coverage area, of communication, in-formation, education, scientific research, a gateway to the world of knowledge. In this association, ICT and English form a new paradigm of communication and knowledge which reshapes all human existence. In these data and on the background of the exponential IT developments, English language study in higher education, under the aegis of specialized communication, the acquisition of the communication skills by students should be a priority at institutional and individual levels. The ICT-English formula offers the model of communication and knowledge, of personal and professional development for the students and graduates of higher education institutions today. The E-Paradigm thus established has a double meaning: E from electronic (i.e. e-learning, email), the technological support of ICT, and E from English, the universal language of today's world, of information technology and the Internet. Human existence, communication across linguistic borders, education, science, research and knowledge develop by the support of this paradigm, of paramount importance in the era of globalization.

Tags: information technology and communications, English, communication, information, training, academic education, scientific research, E-paradigm

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 

4
 
THE IMPACT OF ACTIVITIES DEVELOPED BY THE PROJECT "CENTER FOR INFORMING, CONSULTING AND MENTORING IN ORDER TO PROMOTE THE ENTREPRENEURIAL CULTURE" FINANCED BY EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING
Authors: Magdalena Negrutiu, Marilena Ciobanasu, Traian Ovidiu Calota

Abstract: The project "Center for informing, consulting and mentoring in order to promote the entrepreneurial culture" provides a package of up to date basic knowledge in the following domains: management, marketing, law, communication, financial, banking and information technology, to a target group of 460 members from rural areas, in order to develop the entrepreneurial spirit. The project also provides mentoring and consulting activities for an estimated group of 40 people which will start an independent activity and for 50 existing businesses.

Tags: european fund, enntrepreneurship training

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 

5
 
TITU MAIORESCU AND THE 21ST CENTURY, PROJECT-ORIENTED UNIVERSITY
Authors: Pau Corneliu Valentin, Gramada Argentina

Abstract:This article refers to the current stage of mankind in terms of the evolution of IT technology, with focus on important aspects of the way in which universities face the associated challenges. The implementation of Bologna Statement (1999) in Europe (university globalization, sustainability and identity, university autonomy, quality assurance, recovering the link between knowledge and vision) is also the challenge faced by Titu Maiorescu University

Tags: university, project, education, Bologna

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 

6
 
ALGORITHMS FOR ANALYZING OF THE RESILIENCE IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND P2P OVERLAY
Authors: Dorina Luminita Copaci, Constantin Alin Copaci

Abstract: In this paper, we present a survey of strategies to improve resilience in communication networks as well as in P2P overlay networks. By using some basic concepts from graph theory, we show that many concepts for communication networks are based on well-known graph-theoretical problems. P2P overlay networks evidently benefit from resilience-enhancing strategies in the underlying communication infrastructure, but beyond that, their specific properties pose the need for more sophisticated mechanisms.

Tags: Peer-to-peer overlay, edge resilience, node resilience

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 

7
 
MODELS OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN THE PROCESS OF GLOBALIZATION
Authors: Carina Elena Stegaoriu, Valentin Stegaoriu

Abstract: Scientific discoveries are intellectual products of generators of ideas. The preparation of the generators of ideas becomes more expensive every year. This is explained by technology, preparation steps, "growth" of the generators of ideas, their work conditions. The products of the human intellect, in the age of humanity, have recently appeared. The man came out very difficult from cave in the outdoor home. This idea, the product of the intellect (intellectual product) was only 100,000 years ago. If we imagine a hypothetical man, who lived 2 million years (human population settlements in Africa) then this "poor" only 5% of his life had a good living comfort. Since our period, the mankind's brains were put to "work": in a century 2-3 ideas appeared.

Tags: GNP, growth, intellectual product

Article code: MGBT-2011-1-ES-MD-543
 





 
Copyright © MegaByte 2011. All rights reseved.
Search powered by